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Author Guidelines

Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi is the international scientific journal publishing original papers in English or Turkish, reviews, short communications, technical notes and scientific editorial letters of science in the following areas: basic sciences, basic medicine science and engineering fields. This journal publishes two times a year (June and December). Manuscripts should be submitted online by a website:

Manuscript Categories:

Research articles: Manuscripts should report original information which have not been published or submitted previously. Articles should not exceed 20 printed papers including tables and figures.

Review articles: Reviews of recent developments in a research fields and ideas will be accepted. Manuscripts should not exceed 15 papers of printed text. The use of tables and figures to summarize critical points is encouraged.

Short communications: These include small-scale investigations, innovative methods, perspectives on existing laboratory techniques and new methodologies, clinical trials and epidemiological studies. It should no exceed 5 printed pages.

Technical notes or Case Reports: Scientific reports providing important contributions their area will be considered in this category. It should not be exceed 3 pages.

Letters to editor: These include opinions, news and suggestions. Letters should not exceed 2 pages.

Book/Software Reviews: Short but concise description of the book/software, not exceeding a page. These types are not peer reviewed.


Journal articles are published in Turkish or English. Manuscript should be suitable to the formal criteria of Instructions to Authors, otherwise, the manuscript will be sent back to the authors. Manuscripts should not exceed 20 papers of printed text, including tables, figures and references. Manuscripts that are found suitable for peer review will be assigned to two expert reviewers.  The final decision to accept or reject a manuscript will be made by the Editor-in-Chief. After review process, the Editor-in-Chief will inform the authors of acceptance, rejection or necessity of revision of the manuscript. The paper has not already been published elsewhere and it is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere. If accepted, Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journal have exclusive license to publish.  Review process is three months.


Papers should be submitted online.


  • Manuscripts  should be written double space on A4 sized typing paper with 2.5 cm all margins.     
  • Text should be prepared using Microsoft Word Processor (MS Word 2003, MS Word 2007) with  Times New Roman font and 12 point size. All lines must be numbered.
  • The Full paper should be divided in to following parts in order to Abstract and Keywords in English and Turkish, Introduction, Materials and Method/Methods (Area descriptions, Study   materials, e.g. should be cited as subheadings), Results, Discussion/Conclusions     or Recommendations, Acknowledgements and References. All sections      must be numbered except for the Abstract.
  • All pages must  be numbered.  
  • Cover letter: Please indicate title of manuscript and authors. You may briefly      explain your work.
  • Title Page: The first page of your manuscript should be a title page containing the type of paper; the title; all author’s full name, and affiliations; and the corresponding author’s contact address and e-mail      address.
  • Latin expression should be typed in italics.
  • The title: The title should be as short as possible, but give adequate information     regarding the contents and Turkish title also should be given. Title must be written on the center with bold 14  font size. The first letter must be capital and the others must be written  as lower case.
  • Author’s names and addresses: All Authors  full names must be written as lower case with bold 12 font size in the middle. After authors name and surnames, authors addresses should be stated with superscript  numbers (e.g. 1 2 3). Corresponding author’s full name should be marked with an asteriks (*). All authors addresses must be typed with lower case 10 font in the center. The corresponding author’s contact address and e-mail address should be given. Names of institutions and cities each authors also must be stated.
  • Abstract and  Keywords: A  brief, informative English and Turkish abstract, not exceeding 250 words, should be typed in 10 font size. Immediately following the abstract, authors should provide 4-6 English and Turkis keywords or phrases that reflect content of the  article. 

The Abstract Paper:

  1. Turkish Paper

a)       Turkish  and English Title

b)       Author’s names in Turkish

c)       Addresses in Turkish

d)      Turkish Abstract (Öz)

e)      Turkish Keywords (Anahtar Kelimeler)

f)       English Abstract

h)       English Keywords      

  1. English Paper

a)      English and Turkish Title 

b)      Author’s names

c)      Addresses in English 

d)     English Abstract

e)     English Keywords 

f)     Turkish Abstract (Öz)

g)     Turkish Keywords (Anahtar Kelimeler)

Main Text: Main Headings and subheadings should be informative, must be typed in capital, bold 12 font size. Subheadings should be written in lower case, 10 font size. Main headings should not be numbered in the manuscript.

Introduction: This section should include the topic and importance of the article and prior works.

Material and Methods: Experimental methods and procedures should be described with clear and brief explanations.

Results: This section contain only findings, no writing comment. Results can be supports by tables, figures, graphics etc., if necessary.

Discussion: Results should be compare with other studies and discuss similarity and distinction.

Acknowledgements: It should be grants, funds, peoples reviewing the manuscript and must be placed before thr references.


Please do not use unpublishing data. But MSc and PhD thesis can be use as references. References in the text:

In Turkish and English Paper:

If they have one author (Reşat 2001, Landen 2002)

In English Paper; 

Two authors (e.g.: Büyükgüzel and Yazgan 2004, Ünlü and Gerçek 2003);

In the case of multiple authors they should be cited as (Landen et al. 2002, Yılmaz et al. 2007). Multiple citations (Smith 1996, Yılmaz et al. 2007, Jones 2008), multiple publications by same author(s) should be written as (Smith et al. 1996a, 1996b, 1997). Software should be cited as (PROC GLM, SAS Institute 1999).   

In Turkish Paper:

Two authors (e.g.: Büyükgüzel ve Yazgan 2004, Ünlü ve Gerçek 2003);

In the case of multiple authors they should be cited as (Landen vd. 2002, Yılmaz vd. 2007). Multiple citations (Smith 1996, Yılmaz vd. 2007, Jones 2008), multiple publications by same author(s) should be written as (Smith vd. 1996a, 1996b, 1997). Software should be cited as (PROC GLM, SAS Institute 1999). 

References should be given at the end of the text according to alphabetical order of the first authors surname.

References should appeared at the end of the text as in the examples provided below:

Journal Articles:

Büyükgüzel, K., Tunaz, H., Putnam, SM., Stanley, DW. 2002. Prostoglandin biosynthesis by midgut tissue isolated from the Tabacco Hornworm, Manduca secta. Insec. Biochem. Mol. Biol., 32: 435-443.

Büyükgüzel, K., Yazgan, Ş. 1996. Bazı antibiyotiklerin endoparazitoid Pimpla turionellae L. (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae)’nın yaşama ve gelişimine etkileri. Turk. J. Zool., 20: 1-7.  

Özer, M., Uzuntarla, M.  2008. Effects of the network structure and coupling strength on the noise-induced response delay of a neuronal network. Phys. Let. A, 372: 4603-4609.

A Book:

Reşat, U. 2001. Uygulamalı Jeoteknik Bilgiler. 4. Basım, TMOB Jeoloji Mühendisleri Odası Yayınları, Nitelik Matbaacılık, Ankara, 385 s. 

Sanford, RJ. 2003. Principles of fracture mechanics, Prentice Hall, Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, USA, 404 pp.

A Chapter in a Book:

Cheeseman, KH. 1993. Lipid peroxidation in biological systems, In: Halliwell B., Auroma OI. [eds.], DNA and Free Radicals. Ellis Horwood, London, pp. 12-17.


A Report:

Makarewicz, JC., Lewis, T., Bertram, P. 1995. Epilimnetic phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass and species composition in Lake Michigan, 1983-1992. U.S. EPA Great Lakes National Program, Chicago, IL. EPA 905-R-95-009.

Conference Proceedings:

Stock, A. 2004. Signal transduction in bacteria. In the Proceedings of the 2004 Markey Scholars Conference, pp: 80-89.

Kaplan, A. 2000. Ankara havasında bulunan biyolojik partiküller. XV. Ulusal Biyoloji Kongresi, s. 45-50, Ankara.  

A Thesis:

Strunk, JL. 1991. The extraction of mercury from sediment and the geochemical

partitioning of mercury in sediments from Lake Superior, M. Sc. thesis, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI, 119 pp.

Özcan, A. 2006. Endüstriyel atıklar ve polipropilen lif içeren saha betonlarının özelliklerinin araştırılması. Yüksek Mühendislik  Tezi, Zonguldak Karaelmas Üniversitesi, 70 s.

In Press:

Evans, MA. 2002. Title. Journal. (in press).


SAS Institute. 2001. PROC user’s manual, version 6th ed. SAS Institute. Cary, NC.

Internet and URL:

If author(s) obtained from some information from internet, should be write full web address in the reference section.

Web documents with no authors:

Leafy seadragons and weedy seadragons 2001. http://www. windspeed. net. au/jenny/seadragons/

Web document with author:

Dawson, J., Smith, L., Deubert, K. 31 October 2002. Referencing, not plagiarisim. 

Symbols and Units:

Metric systems or SI units should be used (kPa, kN/m3, g/cm2, m/sn, g/m3, e.g.). Current abbreviations can be used without explanation, others must be explained. Use “ % ” only with numerals and in tables and figures. Close up space to numerals (e.g. 60%). Use the dot for decimal units (e.g. 10.26).


All acronyms/abbreviations must be explained in parenthesis after their first occurrence. If many unfamiliar acronyms/abbreviations are used, please compile them in an “Abbreviations” section at the end of the paper.

Use the following abbreviations for time: h (hour), min (minute), s (second), yr (year), mo (month), wk (week), add “s” to create plurals (e.g. wks). Do not abbreviate “liter” by itself or when accompanied by a numeral.


Present dates in this format: day month year (e.g. 13 February 1998).

Gene Sequencing:

Genbank may be conducted at their website at

Tables and Figures:

  • Tables and figures captions must be written in separate pages in Table Legends and Figure Legends sections after the reference section. 
  • Tables and figures should be embeded in separate papers and must be numbered  consecutively throughout the paper (Table 1, Fig. 1, Figs. 2-3, Fig. 4).
  • Use  a semicolon to separate different types of citations (Fig. 3; Table 3)
  • Figures must be uplaoded as jpeg or tiff separately in supplementary file. Electronically submitted figures and graphs are preferred *.jpg or *.tiff (min. 300 dpi) formats. Do not give magnification on scales in the figure titles; instead draw bar scales directly on the figures.
  • All the tables and figures must be referred in the text.
  • The numbers and headings of figures must be written below the figure.
  • The numbers and headings of tables should be written the top of the  table.  
  • Standart erors or deviations should be cited as (e.g., 1.45 ± 1.06), statistically data should data must be given as (e.g., 734.3ab) in the table.
  • The  column title of standart errors or deviations must be cited as (means ± SD, or means ± SE).
  • Use the following abbreviations for months: Jan., Feb., Mar., April, May, Jun., July, Aug., Sep., Oct., Nov., and Dec.


All appendices must be typed on separate sheet and should be numbered consecutively with capital Roman numerals.


Mathematical expressions should be written by an equation editor (Word format) in 9 point size. Indices font should be 8 point size. Each equation in text should be numbered in parenthesis.

Mathematical equations should be citated as below:


R = Abarrtype + Blog 10 (f)      (2)

When authors send mathematical papers, they should state AMS-Mathematical Subject Classification Number.


Spell out numbers at the beginning of sentence. Spell out the numbers one through nine. 10 and up are always cited as arabic numerals. All numbers <1 must be preceded by a zero (e.g. P<0.05). When a number is >1000, use a comma to separate hundreds from thousands.

Footnotes to Tables:

In case of statistical data in tables, use footnotes to define or clarify column headings or specific datum with in data field (*P<0.05; ** P<0.01; *** P<0.001; NS, not significant). 

For submitting first namely author’s manuscripts should not exceed three folds in the same issue. Authors when submit the four folds manuscripts, they will be publish in another issues.  

The preparation of the manuscript should be as follows for Mathematics and related subject:

The first page of the manuscript must include at least one 2010 MSC (Mathematics Subject Classification) numbers following the annual index of the Mathematical Reviews. MSC Subject Classification can be obtained from "".

The items in the reference section should be ordered according to the alphabetical order of the surnames of the authors and numbered numerically such as [1], [2],….

In the text, reference numbers should be enclosed in square brackets, such as [23] or [12]-[15], to distinguish them from formula numbers which should be quoted in round brackets.

Final Checklist of the Manuscript

Before submitting of your paper (and other writings as applicable), please make sure that the following requirements have all been made:

  • Cover letter is enclosed
  • Spell check and grammar check have been performed
  • Entire paper is double-spaced including abstract, tables, captions, references
  • Marigins are 2.5 cm each marigin
  • Font size is 12 punto
  • Font type is Times new roman
  • Decimals are shown by a full stop (e.g., 10.25)
  • Percent signs appear without a space after the number (e.g., 63%)
  • Names of authors are written in full (not abbreviated)
  • Address is given
  • English and Turkish title is given
  • Title is in title case
  • English abstract is given
  • English keywords are given
  • Turkish abstract (Öz) is given
  • Turkish keywords (Anahtar Kelimeler) are given
  • Original figures are enclosed
  • Figures are prepared according to the instructions
  • Figures are maximum 16x20 cm; minimum 8 cm wide
  • Figures are refered to the consecutively in the paper
  • Figures are loaded in our web site (new submission, supplementary file) as jpeg file (in rar. or separately).
  • Tables are maximum 16x20 cm; minimum 8 cm wide
  • Tables are refered to the consecutively in the paper
  • Captions are written in left case
  • Figure legends are given
  • Table legends are given
  • References are typed according to the instructions
  • References are listed alphabetically
  • All pages are numbered
  • All lines are numbered


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

Copyright Notice

The undersigned authors, we guarantee that our submitted manuscript is original work; it has not been published and is not being submitted or considered for publication elsewhere, if, in whole or part of the publication of the magazine was published for the above-mentioned receipt of all necessary permits and was sent to Editorial Office of Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi with copyright transfer form.

We agree to waive the right to assume the responsibility of the copyright of the article and thank signature.

This article is hereby transferred to the copyright of Bülent Ecevit University. Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi Editor of the publication of the article is authorized.

However, the authors reserve the following rights:

1) All proprietary rights Copyright outside, such as patent.

2) to use, free of charge, all parts of this article for the author’s future works in books, lectures.

3) the right to reproduce the article for their own purposes provided the copies are not offered for sale.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addressesentered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


© 2011 Karaelmas Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi